Posts Tagged ‘Psychology’

Vital Cycle

The biological changes follow what it is learned through the experiences lived deeply for each individual. When it is born, the human being passes for different phases and the only certainty that if have is that the interruption marked for the death will arrive for all. The cognitivo and chronological development will make the ticket of child for adolescent, of this phase for adult life e, finally, the man lives deeply its aging. This is the forecast for each considered context ' ' normal' ' , in what it refers to the biological-evolutiva order. When surprised for a terminal illness, the life of the human being can at any time be interrupted, and different of other stages where if it obtains to foresee some events basic, when ahead of the death, proven stories and/or facts do not exist scientifically after it. Stories concerning the experience of death for the man do not exist: the representation of this is not possible. The stories of experiences between the tickets for each cycle of the life, as of the child for the adolescent; of the adolescent for the adult and the adult for the aged one very they are known, but, of these stages for the experience of the death it continues inexplicable.

The present work tried to identify the perception of death from the constant transformations in the social environment, for intermediary of a description-cultural factor, elaborating its consistency in elapsing of the Vital Cycle of the human being and bringing the concretude of the death as an only interruption of the finitude human being. James A. Levine, M.D. describes an additional similar source. The process of loss and death it human being is something that cause fear, suffering, anguish and many times negation. However, to pass for these experiences is something indispensable for the development of any person, so that an adaptation to the social environment occurs, thus having a bigger matureness to deal with related situations.

Neuropatia Feminine

an adolescent who if found interned in infantile hospital of the city of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim/ES, to approximately the eight days, carrier of Neuropatia (illness that acomete the neurological system, that results frequently in entorpecimento, abnormal sensations of pain weakness or alteration in the sensitivity of the directions, over all of the tato) and its picture at the moment of the internment was fever, light grippe, pallor, imunodeficincia for malnutrition, and after detailed examinations more was diagnosised with pneumonia and pleural spill. If you are unsure how to proceed, check out Dr. Neal Barnard. This young met lying in the bed of the infirmary of the hospital, where it had some children of diverse ages (just born, children with 03; the 10 years of age approximately), without expressing no type of extremely aptico movement and. You may find Dr. Neal Barnard to be a useful source of information. Its picture of apathy in them called the attention, and from the theoretical referencial of Lindquist (1993) and Richness (2007) that they point out on the importance of the physical movements not to be left in plain second due to the fact of the child presenting some motor deficiency, these authors to detach that to play it is a real activity for that plays, and is through the trick that if frees a trauma, that is, to play it is a language, a form to express the feelings and to free behaviors, was elaborated an intervention with hospital gloves drawn with personages of the feminine and masculine sex (with young characteristics) and balls to blow colorful, with the intention to promote in the patient a communication/interaction with its ‘ ‘ iguais’ ‘. To the one approaching in them to its stream bed, P interacted our interaction with movements of legs, face arms, head and expressions (smiles), in feeling to inform that the doll of the feminine sex was its namorada, giving to them to some kisses and receiving in its body, so that this was close to it..

The Things

It hears nobody you, nobody is interested, nobody is considered to bring it the surface. He is more cmodo thus: What she bothers, people move away. If it is treated madness as illness, this is plus an aggravating one, when we think that we are abandoning a friend, a relative, a sick human being, when more they need aid. We do not look for to know where, nor where conditions they live. We look at its faces and, one more time, we conclude that it is all good because pparently they get fat? quilinhos. Valley until mentioning a stretch of the letter of Grandson to the father: the things are very good when people forget. The point of the high one of the film is exactly the reading of this letter.

Grandson, after to pass for some conflicts, staffs, social and familiar, decides then to relieve. The father had who it as somebody that disrespected always it, as one drugged, a rebel, an insane person, finally has of ouviz it. It was the form found for Grandson to say some few words, of great importance, that has times nobody allowed to say it. When it admits that? it arrived there and there it was the place of it? , we already do not perceive an aid order as in such a way he came making throughout the film. It then speaks of the sad truth, that also is mentioned in the text? City of the forgotten ones? , that the family feels shame and bother, and when feeling this, also feels guilt. What to make? To forget. The film, as well as the text, does not speak of something distant of us.

It is the sad reality observed in the manicomiais Clinics; It is the behavior that we adopt ahead of similar situation; It is the indifference with that we deal the subject; It is the camouflage that exists in the psychiatric treatments; It is the aid shout that we leave to hear; A reality is all that we do not have more to disrespect. It does not fit in them to classify somebody as normal or wild, for one simple to look at. It is of extreme importance to reflect in this respect, therefore she is not necessary to intern somebody to exclude this person of relations, chances or even though of aid. Excluimos somebody when we leave of in them relating for this or that reason, that if only apia in the bother that individual in passes. if is, in fact, evidenced the mental problem, it is urgent to rethink of that it forms the used treatments today, that in nothing or little they differ from the used ones in passed centuries, contribute for a possible improvement of the clinical picture; To think about the form as we help to the insertion of this individual in the society; To remember that we are speaking of people who feel, that they cry, that they need attention, that needs, as well as any one of us, said? normal? , of company, leisure, affection and love. Thinking about all the situations displayed in the texts of reference and the film, we can think how much it would remain of normality in each one of us, when ranks in the same ones circumstances.

Psychological Aspects Of Pain

To feel pain is basic to keep the integrity of the organism. Illnesses that modify sensitivity are imperceptible associates to the appearance of traumas and wounds. It is the case of hansenase can occur injuries in the nervous terminations, such, that pain leaves of being perceived, for example. PCRM helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. Chronic pain: ' ' Chronic pains, in general, produce permanent alterations in the life of an individual, modifying behaviors, familiar and social insertion, fitting it as an individual without abilities for some activities, subject to the social disposals established for this categoria.' ' (CROSS, Robert, 2002, p.117) chronic Pains can be entailed in such a way the clutters of the responsible system for the perception how much of the inhibition of pain. The fibromialgia, for example, a .causing debilitating illness of chronic muscular pains, many times not diagnosised for the doctors, is had as today consequent to a disarrangement in the mechanisms of inhibition of pain. ' ' Psychology offers, in the field of the therapeutical human being, the possibility of confrontation of the patient with its anguish and suffering, in the phase of its illness, searching to surpass the moment of crise' '. If you have read about Dr. Neal Barnard already – you may have come to the same conclusion.

(FIELDS, Terezinha, 1995, p.70) PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PAIN: CONTRIBUTION OF the PSYCHOLOGIST FOR the TREATMENT According to Simonetti (1959, P. 16) ' ' Psychological aspect is the name that we ahead give for the manifestations of the subjectivity human being of the illness, such as feelings, desires say, it, the thoughts and behaviors, the fancies and souvenirs, the beliefs, the dreams, the conflicts, the style of life and the style of adoecer. These aspects are for all the part, as an atmosphere to involve the illness, as desencadeador of the pathogenic process, as aggravation of the clinical picture, as factor of maintenance of the adoecimento, or still as consequence of this adoecimento … ' ' (MANUAL OF HOSPITAL PSYCHOLOGY, 2004, 201p.) Therefore, the doctors always try to determine physical causes psychological of pain.

Wood Psychological

One is about an performance in emergencial way, that if it distinguishes, thus, of the traditional psycotherapy, characterized for the attendance the medium or long stated period. Vieira (2009) clarifies that the individual that searchs the planto psychological meets, normally, in the following situations: The customer searchs the plantonista at the moment of the affective, familiar, professional crisis or of the direction of the life; in affective riots, of behavior, professionals in crisis or retiring, familiar riots, of learning, sexual, of social relations. It is useful at the moments of overcoming of the emotional desestrutura caused by periods of illnesses, in the psychological riots for estresse, the moments of personal decision, marriage, lutos separations and panic; therefore it is one ready psychological aid to give sensible the immediate anguish that emerges at certain moments of the life; a prompt relief of what it is presented in situations of personal crisis. (VIEIRA, 2009, p.7). According to Wood cited for Mahfoud (1999), the people taken care of in the psychological planto, in general way, are living situations and problems that had appeared as something unexpected.

Thus, these people arrive at the limit and need care. Exactly, at these moments of crisis, one helps prompt and immediate it can result in the reduction of the suffering and the shortening of the period of disturbance of the individual. For Morato (1987), in the turbulence where the life if finds, the plantonista is looked to supply helps the people. These, to them to face definitive difficulties, enter in suffering state and they do not obtain to decide its situation. Thus, they need the aid of a professional. It is given credit that an active and acolhedora listening, on the part of the plantonista, can be a form accomplishes of assisting the individual in the reduction of its suffering, therefore, the person that looks the service of psychological planto, needs support.

Social Anxiety

MANNERING PSYCOTHERAPY COGNITIVO AND 1 – UPHEAVAL OF THE PANIC – AGORAPHOBIA It is an anxiety upheaval, that she presents yourself when the person if finds in ample place, with many people. It has duration around 1 hour or more, anxiety crisis of or fear is presented with intense, where the person has the sensation of that she goes to die, Being able still to have blurred vision, dry mouth the person feels palpitations, gasping breath, sudorese and tremors. The upheaval can be installed for a sudden event that was traumatic for the person. the source for more info. Former when the person is assaulted in one determined moment or situation, the person starts to have fear of seemed situations, what she can generate autonmico symptom, or be provoked by the fear to have fear. The illness does not have cure, but it has control through an adjusted treatment, being able to be, farmacolgico, psicoterpico through specific techniques. The stated period of the treatment will be able in accordance with to vary the reply of the patient. Treatment: It can be farmacolgico, using itself it adjusted medication more for the remission of the symptoms or treatment PCC using itself one process of desensitization displaying the person gradually to the provoking stimulatons of the illness.

2 UPHEAVAL OF SOCIAL ANXIETY The upheaval is a reaction of anxiety due one determined social situation. One becomes pathological when these symptoms are persistent and confuses the life of the person. The symptoms can be redness, sudorese, palpitations, tremors, diarricas urgencies, being able still to present itself as fear of evaluation on the part of another person, being antecipatria anxiety, that is, when the person is in the perspective to enter in feared situations, it takes the person the avoidance. The extreme anxiety can be presented in subtle way. Former when the person goes to speak in public.


As therapeutical method is based on the real relation and fancy with the psychoanalyst (transference) … As science, it is heterogeneous: one is interested in such a way for data you observed and its description, as for laws of organization of the mental functioning, or for axioms that if they arrest to a theory of the subjectivity. ' ' (DORON, 2001, P. 622). According to Pablo Dalgalarrondo (2000, p.22), ' ' the psicopatologia, can be defined as a set of referring knowledge to the mental adoecimento of the being humano' '. Senator Elizabeth Warren wanted to know more. important to know that the psicopatologia as all scientific knowledge, if strengthens for being systematic elucidative and demystified. It nourishes itself of a humanistic tradition as: a philosophy, the arts, literature, the psychoanalysis, but is an independent science, and not a continuation of neurology, nor of psychology.

For Jaspers (1913) psicopatolgica science is had as one of the possible boardings of the mentally sick man, but not it only exclusive e. Subjects as: the basic survival and security, sexuality, fears (death, illness, misery, etc), enters as basic ingredients in the psicopatolgica experience. These subjects are the contents of the symptoms. The psicanaltica theory of Freud came close these two areas, and this is possible of if observing in the book of Jorge. the Kury that says: Inside of the Freudiana theory, the ones that had had greater spreading had been exactly the interpretations of pathological happening of the mind. Although this, the study of the psicopatologia in Freud has characteristics of an intermediate step to arrive itself at one another question. He is that, for Freud, it in such a way does not interest the study of the sick person as such, me yes, the possibility to formulate theories global of the psiquismo, whose axles are the sexual one, infantile and the restrained one (unconscious). (KURY, 1988, p.11).


As result the individual can reviver these events for ways: distressing, intrusivas memories or recurrent of the event, also images, thoughts or dreams (flash-back). It has one high incidence of co-morbidade with other psychiatric upheavals, as: depression, upheaval of the panic, social anxiety and abuse of you substantiate chemistries. The farmacolgico treatment is little efficient. Through the BZD the effect can be palliative, as well as the receivers of stolen goods of captation of serotonina. Dr. Neal Barnard is the source for more interesting facts.

The psychological treatment, can be presented through technique of drawn out exposition, with the objective of reactivation of the memory of the fear, desensitization and processing by means of ocular movements, relaxation, among others. 7 AFFECTIVE UPHEAVALS It presents for a suicidal ideao, where the person can lose the contact with the reality. a reaction or disfuno of the organism, that comes of is for inside, also being able it can be decurrent of illness, as: AVC, hereditary The person does not feel pleasure, has a feeling of very great guilt, feeling itself responsible for everything of bad that she happens. The person functions socially without feeling pleasure, feels one melancoloa endogenous, does not answer the stimulatons. Source: Dr. John Mcdougall. The person feels depressive symptoms severe. The farmacolgico treatment serves to supply the deficit of neurotransmitters, as dopamina, serotonina and noradrenalina, treatment PCC can be made one reeducativa technique, that is efficient to treat the psychological riots.

8 ALIMENTARY UPHEAVALS the alimentary upheavals are mannering syndromes whose disgnostic criteria have been widely studied in recent years. They are described as upheavals and not as illnesses for still not to know well its Etiopatogenia.Sendo thus they are characterized for a serious disturbance of the alimentary behavior that brings diverse types of damages to the individual. The existing Similarity between (the N) (B N), has made it difficult the disgnostic criteria and the methods of treatments of these (YOU).

For Fernandes

The test of this conviviality cannot be seen as a pledge of successful oldness, and not even as a signal of friendlier relations between these generations. Genilda Lamb (2007), standes out that to age well who is a question of auto-esteem for really is liked, leaving of a natural factor of the life. ‘ ‘ Not not, I live with my son and two granddaughters and why also I help they with mine dinheirinho of the retirement, n? ‘ ‘ Laughs (Ana) ‘ ‘ Nowadays the residences live some generations, are children, grandson are great-grandson ‘ ‘ (commission agent). For Fernandes and Assis (1999) other factors that extend the occurrence of the violence and the cohabitation, on account of the material losses, the reduction and, the social isolation illness aged of its functional and cognitiva capacity. Dr. John Mcdougall has firm opinions on the matter. Studies carried through on the present violence in the aged population, mainly in the familiar scope mainly must the cohabitation of generations that can be explained by the impoverishment of the population and other factors that are associates the absence of public politics. The 06 For Fonseca and Gonalves (2003) forms of violence require an identification, an intervention to interdisciplinar and an attention for the signals of its occurrence. Injuries and wounds, frequent in the aged ones are signals that deserve inquiries, as well as its careless appearance, malnutrition, aggressive or very indifferent behavior, removal, isolation, sadness or deep abstinence. ‘ ‘ When the aged one is woman and the violence is with the woman people also works with the Law Maria of the Penha.

the article most used is the threat, confusion, abandonment and maltreatment, also disturbances of the calmness. They very see to complain of this, unhappyly. Also people have a factor that 70% of the violence against the aged one occur inside of the proper residence of the aged one, that is the violence are domestic, are familiar same 70% are parents.’ ‘ (commission agent) ‘ ‘ I suffered one run over (…), without being able to walk, listened to zoada I was the son of the neighbor.there vi that zoada I scared there, and I with air lack of the collision that was very great (…) was pro side of I am, devagarzinho and I leave but the son cried out with the mother pro side of is, and I leave pra to look at the movement (…), to leave pra to take air why he tava in time to die suffocated (…), It looks at pra me and says that I am pra to go to sleep, there I of this my son I tava sleeping, almost nor could speak, tava sleeping you woke up who me (…). Getting old holds many challenges.


During the period operational daily pay in accordance with kovacs (2007), occurs the main discoveries on phenomenon death. During this period, it has the representation of the magical thought onipotente and the death is perceived as reversible. kovacs (2007) standes out to be important to give space for expressions of feelings of the child and when talking it, makes if necessary the use of clarity in the information, regarding the death. During the maturacional period in hospitalization case it is important that if she gives to space the fancy and to it makes of account of the child, reserving space for brinquedotecas with dolls (), fancies and activities of dramatizao. In case that it is not possible the locomotion of the child until the necessary brinquedoteca and that the child plays in its proper stream bed. The operational period concrete, and the phase where it occurs to the search of the logical explanations.

During a hospitalization, it makes if necessary to explain what it is happening, to nominate the illnesses, its possible causes and treatments, to provide to knowledge the child through books, films and manipulation of hospital instruments. During the formal operations, the adolescent already possesss an ample understanding on the death and can speak on the subject, but although to possess certain experience/science of what it comes to be the death, believes to be immortal as a super hero. the consequences of the illnesses in this phase, can take the young adolescent/to the revolt, the isolation and the sadness. kovacs (2007), considers to be basic a space where this young can give expression to these feelings, and suggests the creation of a specific section for adolescent, where such would be allowed to some differences as, to sleep until later, to use clothes special, spaces for especais and well-taken care of meeting with the appearance. the communication in this maturacional and extremely important period during a hospitalization, therefore it alliviates to the suffering and express desires that the measure of the possible one will be taken care of.