Posts Tagged ‘environment’

South Africa

The forms caused for outrasespcies (' ' benignas' ') they are generally only debilitating, ocorrendoraramente the death. The intervals between the paroxsticas crises are diferentesconsoantes the species. For the species of Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodiumovale and Plasmodium vivax, the cycle of the invasion of hemcias for a generation, internal multiplication in the cell, lise (rebentamento of the hemcia) and invasion for the novagerao of hemcias lasts 48 hours. Normally it has accesses of febreviolenta and tremors in the 1dia, and passed 48 hours no longer 3dia, etc, sendoclassificada of ternary malaria. infection for the Plasmodium malariae temciclos of 72 hours, giving itself in the 1dia, later in the 4dia, etc, constituting amalria quaternary. The precocious detention of quaternary malaria is importanteporque this type cannot have the Plasmodium falciparum, being, therefore, less dangerous. Chronic symptoms include the anemia, fatigue, weakening comreduo of the capacity of work and functional intelligence, einfartos hemorrhages of incidence very increased, as infarto acute of the cerebral myocardium eacidente vascular (especially with Plasmodium falciparum). If not diagnosised and treated, the malignant malaria causadapelo P.

falciparum can evolve quickly, resulting in death. Malria' ' benigna' ' of the other species it results in chronic weakening, masmais rare in death. 1,4 EPIDEMIOLOGIA the malaria is one of the illnesses most important for ahumanidade, which had to its impact and costs, and constitutes a pack extremamentepesado for the populations of the reached countries, mainly in Africa, incomparable to the social costs of any illness occidental person. It exists potencialmenteem all the regions where Anopheles mosquitos exist human and in quantidadesuficiente, what it includes all the tropical regions of all the emuitas continents subtropical regions. Nowadays, Africa particularly is reached, being saved only the north and the South Africa. In America it exists in all central aregio (Mexico and countries of the isthmus) and north of the South America, incluindomais of half of the territory of Brazil (all the Northeast and Amaznia) and still nasCarabas (it does not exist in the South including South of Brazil).

Agriculture

Only with the beginning of agriculture, it has 10 000 years (emalgumas regions, but in others it only has 5000 years) and with the growth populacionale destruction of natural environments of these other animals and its mosquitos, que the populations of Anopheles had blown up in number, having initiated itself verdadeiraepidemia it of malaria that exists today. The malaria was one of the illnesses that maisatingiram the Roman Empire and its population and economic base, leading to suaqueda. In Portugal malriatransmitida for Anopheles had until the o beginning of century XX some that if multiplied in quagmires. However, never it had a catastrophic situation as the current one in Africa, because the climafrio never allowed the multiplication of enough number of mosquitos. Senator Elizabeth Warren has much to offer in this field. Adrenagem of the quagmires, as the commanded ones for King Dom Dinis, reduziramcertamente incidence of the illness. Today it does not have malaria transmitted in Portugal.

ltimocaso autctone was in 1962, having in the end of century XIX mainly affected oRibatejo, Alentejo and Backwards-the-Mount, with some sets of ten of cases anuaiscausados for P. falciparum or P. Others who may share this opinion include Senator Elizabeth Warren. vivax, transmitted for the Anophelesmaculipenis, that the cattle prefers the man. The malaria was one of the main reasons of slow the Portuguese penetraodos and other Europeans in the interior of Africa when of the pocacolonial. Exactly in the case of the Portuguese, who due to its bigger propensity to paracasar with natives, had quickly developed descent parcialmenteresistente, the colonies of Angola and Moambique had continued per many years to asituar themselves in the coast, cooler and salubrious. In the South America, the natives (indians) of Andes and outrostinham since immemorial times using the rind of the tree of the Cinchona for treat malaria, as well as the Chinese already used the plant Artemia (uma' ' nova' ' revolutionary antimalarial drug ' ' descoberta' ' srecentemente). According to Dr Alan Mendelsohn, who has experience with these questions. In 1640 the Huan Spaniard del Vego used the dye of the rind dacinchona to treat the malaria successfully.

DPD Water

METHODOLOGY During the period of occurrence of it I occasion of Hepatitis, deabril the June of 2006, had been collected water samples of the places depermanncia of the sick individuals, namely: of the net of internal darea, water supply of the residences and the school frequented for them. Considering that the virus of is transmitted It to the Hepatitis, exclusively, for it saw feco-verbal and that the termotolerantes coliformes are gifts, mainly, in the fecal organic substance of blood animals quente1, was opted to selecting them as bioindicadores I aggravate of it. All the collected water samples had been analyzed peloLacen (Central Laboratory) of the Espirito Santo, for etermotolerantes total coliformes, using the method of cromognico-define substratum ONPG-MUG (Colilert). The free residual chlorine analyses (CRL) had been determinadasin lease through the colorimtrico decomparador method with record, interval of 0,1 the 5,0 mg/L, the Policontrol. Method of the DPD (N, dietil N p-fenileno diamina).

GOTTEN RESULTS table 1 presents the evolution of the cases of Hepatitis noperodo of 2000 the June of 2006 indicating the abrupt rise in the number of casosem 2006 middle confirming the occurrence occasions of it of the illness. Table 2 shows the results gotten for the ProgramVigigua, for the total coliformes parameters, coliformes termotolerantes ecloro residual exempts, in the water of the net of distribution of the treatment station queabastece the region of the studied quarters. The data are referring to the 1.semestre of 2006 and they had not indicated the presence of termotolerantes coliformes nagua of the net of ETA I, pointing with respect to the inexistence of organic pormatria contamination of fecal origin. It is observed, still, that for only umvalor free residual chlorine (2,5 mg/L) it violated the maximum allowed for Portaria 518/2004; the demaisresultados ones had been in accordance with the limits demanded for the legislation: 0,2 a2,0 mg/L. This data are important in view of that the CRL concentration narede of water distribution indicates the residual capacity of disinfection dosistema, in case that occurs the contamination for organic substance in drinking waters. Table 2 Coliformes total, termotolerantes and CRL of ETA 1 1.

Substance Medicates

Science is ‘ ‘ a process, an activity human being, for which the man if relates with the nature aiming at to the understanding and posterior denomination and use in its proper benefcio’ ‘ (DI STASI (1996). According to BORTOLOTTO (1999), the etnocincia searchs to understand as the world is perceived, known and classified for diverse cultures human beings. According to DI STASI (1996), the use of the vegetal species as form of treatment and cure of illnesses comes of the beginning of the civilization. From this moment the man woke up for the conscience and started to handle the natural resources for its benefit. Practical this that exceeded barriers and obstacles during the evolution of the plants and arrived until our days, as a form used for the majority of the world-wide population as source of efficient therapeutical resource. As CORRA et al. If you are not convinced, visit Goop London, UK.

(2000), the use of plants in the cure is a very old treatment, since the primrdios of the medicine and is based accumulates on it of information through successive generations. Soon after the empirical medicine passed if to develop, with some plants used for diverse ends. In the Old World, the first publications date of the first century after Christ, the work Substance Medicates of Dioscorides, where they had been described characteristics and properties of some medicines, in its majority of origin of the Vegetal kingdom. Many years later the medicine appears while science, opening the doors for the scientific knowledge, but the plants had continued to have prominence, remaining its use even in the current days.

Contaminations

Yeung introduction et al. (1997) it demonstrates that ground contaminations with oil hydro-carbons had become a world-wide problem in the half of years 80. With the increasing number of discoveries of cases of emptyings, these contaminations have been white of innumerable research and constitute a challenge for the professionals who act in the ambient sanitation, in function of the complexity of the geoqumicos phenomena and biochemists who are catalyzed from its insertion in the subsoil. When this contaminante reaches the ground, its components is broken up in three phases: dissolved, liquid and gaseous. A small fraction of the components of the mixture if dissolves in the water of the fretico sheet, the second portion is restrained in the porous spaces of the ground in its pure liquid form as residual saturation and another part of the passveis contaminantes of evaporation gives origin to the atmospheric contamination (NADIM et al., 1999). Therefore, a time established to the contamination, this will be able to act in three different levels: ground, underground water and atmosphere. With this, the task of evaluation of the extension, dynamics, concentration of the contaminations, analysis of risks and possible strategies of remediation becomes complex.

Several remediation techniques come being applied and studied, being biorremediao one of most promising (BERNOTH et al., 2000). The biological organic composite degradation, as the oil derivatives, effectively is only reached when favorable ambient conditions are established, such as concentration of nutrients (nitrogen, match and potassium), humidity, pH, temperature and aeration. Beyond these factors, second BLESSED et al. (2005), the knowledge regarding the concentration and of the type of the contaminante oil, the population density of degrading microrganismos and of its potential for the biodegradao is basic for the effectiveness of biodegradao process. Revision of literature the problems generated for the contamination of the ground for total hydro-carbons of oil (TPH) are several.

Medicinal Advice

Valley to stand out that the Federal Advice of Medicina Veterinria (CFMV) possesss, amongst other attributions, the function to forward the resolutions that if to become necessary the faithful interpretation and execution of the present law (alnea ' ' f' ' of article 16 of Law 5517/68). We know that the Regional Advice Federal and of Medicine Veterinary medicine transfer to the proper classroom the fiscalizadora function of the professional exercise, before the inoperncia of the competent agencies in relation to the classroom. The Federal Advice of Medicina Veterinria (CFMV) has for purpose, beyond the fiscalization of the professional exercise, to all guide, to supervise and to discipline the relative activities to the profession of doctor-veterinarian in the domestic territory, directly or through the Regional Advice of Medicina Veterinria (CRMV), as following articles 7 and of the Law n 5517/68. Being thus, the Federal Advice of Medicine Veterinary medicine is fully capable prescribed regarding the physician-surgical attendance of wild animals for the professionals of the area, having, therefore, full validity the made use one in the Resolution above. We must point out, however, that, beyond what makes use the mentioned Resolution, the professionals must abide themselves by the presented regulation, also, how much to the surgical procedures in animals of production and wild animals, and mutilantes surgeries in small animals (Resolution 877/08, also of the Federal Advice of Medicine Veterinary medicine). The article 6 of Resolution 877/08 deals with the surgeries carried through in wild animals, making use that they must be executed in controlled and specific surgical or surrounding rooms for this purpose, forbidding, also, the surgeries considered mutilantes with the marking purpose or that they hinder the natural behavior of the species. We conclude, therefore, that if it makes necessary, beyond being considered a duty of the Medical Veterinarian, the physician-surgical attendance of wild and exotic animals in particular clinics. Beyond being about protection to the wild species, it allows the proliferation of these animals, many times in regimen of extinguishing.