Leishmaniose Cough

The Leishmaniose is an emergent parasitic illness not contagiously, that threat the world-wide health, being that, to each year is notified, approximately, 1,5 million new cases in 88 countries. The Leishmaniose is an illness that affects, mainly, people of low purchasing power (ARAJO et al., 2008). The control of the Leishmaniose recommended for the OMS since the decade of 70 is based on three points: precocious diagnosis and treatment of the human cases; elimination of the dogs and infectados reservoirs; has controlled of the vector with application of insecticides (OPAS, 1987). The physiological manifestations of the Leishmaniose to tegumentar are disfagia (alteration of the deglutition), disfonia (alteration of the voice), alteration of the larynx, respiratory insufficience for edema of glote and pneumonia for aspiration (AGUILAR et al., 1989). The entrance of protozorios in the skin of the host provokes a local inflammatory reaction in the attempt to establish the homeostasia, and its clinical manifestations vary of species and the place where it was infectado. The injuries can only, multiple, be spread or diffuse.

They present aspects of ulcers with high edges and deep granular. The injuries are more frequent in the nose, mouth and throat. When they reach the nose can occur cloggings, epistaxe, coriza and appearance of crusts and wounds. In the throat, pain when swallowing, rouquido and cough (ROOSEVELT et al., 2005). Clinically the cutaneous Leishmaniose muco appears for located destructive injury in the mucosae of the superior aerial ways, gives credit that the metasttica mucous injury occurs for dissemination lymphatic hematogncia or (CASTELLANO, 2005). The leishmania can be found in the pulmes, the intestine and the kidneys, mainly in the agencies that the system has to fagoctico-mononuclear prominent (liver, bao, ssea marrow). In the liver it can have hipertrofia and diffuse hiperplasia of the cells of kupffer (MARCONDES et al., 1994). In the lung it is proven presence of dry cough and persistent, that appears with the beginning of the symptoms, it is drawn out during the period of state and disappears with the cure.

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